This is a very challenging target, and they have zeroed in on boat hull paints as a major source of the copper that must be reduced.
The California Department of Pesticide Regulation (DPR) evaluated copper paints that are commonly used for hull painting in December 2014 and published a list of leach rates for copper paints. "Category I" paints are rated the best, meaning those paints have the least amount of copper leaching into the water.
Divers cleaning hulls no more frequently than once a month using soft - pile carpet can significantly reduce copper loading into the water (a best management practice used by the California Professional Divers Association). Please note that if boaters do not voluntarily change to low copper paints, we expect more onerous and expensive regulations, and enforcement actions to come.
There are at least four interrelated reasons why the practice of industrial and organizational (I-O) psychology should not require a license that is mandated by the state or province where the I-O psychologist resides.
In December 2016 the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) proposed to mandate a particular V2V technology standard—dedicated short-range communications (DSRC)—for all new light vehicles.
NHTSA, an agency within the US Department of Transportation (DOT), boasts that this is “the first proposed mandate of V2V technology worldwide.” Mandating an experimental technology like DSRC V2V is premature.
DTIC's PDF and Excel spreadsheet versions of Congressional Budget reports are available shortly after postings on Thomas (Library of Congress) website.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC), the nation’s primary wireless device regulator, generally avoids stringent device mandates because top-down control locks in technology long beyond its usefulness.
Hence, a law mandating a license to practice I-O psychology, restricted to graduates from a doctoral program in a psychology department, is unlikely to be enforceable. Third, the espoused benefit of a mandated license, namely, to protect the public, is specious.
Finally, a mandated license for the practice of I-O psychology by I-O psychologists could lead to the death of I-O psychology programs.
DTIC Online - This search queries the DTIC Online Public Web site.
NDIA - National Defense Industrial Association Conference Proceedings.